What are the signs of diabetes or hyrdroglicimia?
sorry for my bad spelling but i really needs to know!
Answer by Shiphrah K
Symptoms of diabetes: excessive thirst, excessive peeing, weakness, tiredness.
Symptoms of hypoglycaemia: weakness, shakiness, anxiety, anger, fainting, coma. This happens only in diabetics who take insulin. It would never happen to an undiagnosed diabetic. It is caused by a lack of glucose in the blood, which results from use of insulin followed by lack of food. It needs to be treated by giving the person some kind of sugar, e.g. orange juice, glucose tablets etc. If left untreated, severe hypoglycaemia can lead to brain damage. However, this is very rare.
Symptoms of hyperglycaemia: exhaustion, excessive thirst, excessive peeing and (in very severe cases) ketoacidosis, which can be fatal. It is common in undiagnosed diabetics (and unfortunately in diagnosed diabetics too). It is caused by too much glucose in the blood and requires medical treatment. It doesn’t usually reach the fatal stage these days; most people are diagnosed and treated before it gets that bad.
Hope that helps!
Answer by Tin S
In type 1, the pancreas stop producing insulin, due to autuimmune response or possibly viral attack on pancreas. In absence of insulin, body cells does not get glucose for producing ATP (Adenosin Triphosphate) units which results into primary symptom in the form of nausea and vomiting. In latter stage which leads to ketoacidosis in which body starts breaking down muscle tissue and fat for energy, there is consequently fast weight loss. Dehydration is also usually observed due to electrolyte disturbance. In advance stages even coma and death, are being witnessed.
Diabetes Type 2:
* Increased fatigue : Due to inefficiency of cell to metabolise glucose, reserve fat of body is metabolised to gain energy. When fat is broken down in the body, it uses more energy as compared to glucose, hence body goes in negative calorie effect, which results in fatigue.
* Polydipsia : As the concentration of glucose increases in the blood, brain receives signal for diluting it and in its counteraction we feel thirsty.
* Polyuria: Increase in urine production is the result seen when excess of glucose is present in body. Body tries to get rid of the extra sugar in the blood by excreting it through the urine. This can also lead to dehydration because excreting the sugar which carries a large amount of water out of the body along with it.
* Polyphegia : The hormone insulin is also responsible for stimulating hunger. In order to cope up with high sugar levels in blood, body produces insulin which leads to increased hunger.
* Weight flactuation : Factors like loss of water (polyuria), glucosuria , metabolism of body fat and protein may lead to loss of weight. Few cases may show weight gain due to increased appetite.
* Blurry vision : Hyperosmolar hyperglycemia nonketotic syndrome is the condition when body fluid is pulled out of tissues including lenses of eye, which affects the ability of lenses to focus resulting in blurry vision.
* Irritability : It is one of the sign of high blood sugar because of the inefficient supply of glucose to brain and other body organs, which makes us feel tired and uneasy.
* Infections : Certain signals from the body is given whenever there is fluctuation of blood sugar (due to suppression of immune system) by frequent infections of fungal or bacterial like skin infection or UTI (urinary tract infection).
* Poor wound healing : High blood sugar resists the flourishing of WBC, (white blood cell) which are responsible for body immune system. When these cells do not function accordingly, wound healing is not at good pace. Secondly, long standing diabetes leads to thickening of blood vessels which may affect proper circulation of blood in different body parts.
Symptoms Type 2 and Depression
Type 2 diabetes usually begins gradually and progresses slowly. Symptoms in adults include:
In women, vaginal yeast infections or fungal infections under the breasts or in the groin
Severe gum problems
Erectile dysfunction in men
Unusual sensations, such as tingling or burning, in the extremities
Symptoms in children are often different:
Most children are obese or overweight
Increased urination is mild or even absent
Many children develop a skin problem called acanthosis, characterized by velvety, dark colored patches of skin
Depression is not generally listed as a complication of diabetes. However, it can be one of the most common and dangerous complications. The rate of depression in diabetics is much higher than in the general population. Diabetics with major depression have a very high rate of recurrent depressive episodes within the following five years. (Lustman et al 1977) A depressed person may not have the energy or motivation to maintain good diabetic management. Depression is frequently associated with unhealthy appetite changes. The suicidal diabetic adolescent has constant access to potentially lethal doses of insulin.
What are symptoms of hypoglycemia, and how low is too low?
The body’s biochemical response to hypoglycemia usually starts when sugars are in the high/mid 70’s. At this point, the liver releases its stores and the hormones mentioned above start to activate. In many people, this process occurs without any clinical symptoms. The amount of insulin produced also declines in an attempt to prevent a further drop in glucose.
While there is some degree of variability among people, most will usually develop symptoms suggestive of hypoglycemia when blood glucose levels are lowered to the mid 60’s. The first set of symptoms are called adrenergic (or sympathetic) because they relate to the nervous system’s response to hypoglycemia. Patients may experience any of the following;
•often have trouble speaking.
In most patients, these symptoms are easily
nausea fatigue: What are the signs of diabetes or hyrdroglicimia?