Norovirus (previously called “Norwalk-like viruses”) In My Town! Help!?
Norovirus (previously called “Norwalk-like viruses”), is an RNA virus of the Caliciviridae taxonomic family. The virus causes approximately 90% of epidemic non-bacterial outbreaks of gastroenteritis around the world, and is responsible for 50% of all foodborne outbreaks of gastroenteritis in the US. Norovirus affects people of all ages. The viruses are transmitted by faecally contaminated food or water and by person-to-person contact.
After infection, immunity to norovirus is usually incomplete and temporary. There is an inherited predisposition to infection, and individuals with blood type O are more often infected, while blood types B and AB can confer partial protection against symptomatic infection.
Outbreaks of norovirus disease often occur in closed or semi-closed communities, such as long-term care facilities, hospitals, prisons, dormitories, and cruise ships where once the virus has been introduced, the infection spreads very rapidly by either person-to-person transmission or through contaminated food. Many norovirus outbreaks have been traced to food that was handled by one infected person.
Norovirus is rapidly inactivated by chlorine-based disinfectants, but because the virus particle does not have a lipid envelope, it is less susceptible to alcohols and detergents.
There are different genogroups of norovirus and the majority of noroviruses that infect humans are classified into genogroup G1 and G2.
The norovirus was originally called the Norwalk Virus. The name was shortened to the norovirus after receiving national attention for being identified in multiple cruise ship outbreaks. The Norwalk Virus was named after Norwalk, Ohio, where an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred among a vast majority of children at Bronson Elementary School in November 1968. In 1972, immune electron microscopy on stored stool samples identified a virus, which was given the name Norwalk virus. Numerous outbreaks with similar symptoms have been reported since. The cloning and sequencing of the Norwalk virus genome showed that these viruses have a genomic organization consistent with viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae. The name norovirus (Norovirus for the genus) was approved by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses in 2002. 
Common names of the illness caused by noroviruses are winter vomiting disease, viral gastroenteritis and acute non-bacterial gastroenteritis, also colloquially known as “stomach flu” — a broad name that can also refer to gastric inflammation caused by other viruses and bacteria.
The virus has previously been called Norwalk virus, Norwalk-like virus, SRSVs (Small Round Structured Viruses), and Snow Mountain virus.
 Signs and symptoms
The disease is usually self-limiting, and characterised by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain; and in some cases, loss of taste. General lethargy, weakness, muscle aches, headache, and low-grade fever may occur. Symptoms may persist for several days and may become life-threatening in the young, the elderly, and the immune-compromised if dehydration is ignored or not treated. When a person becomes infected with norovirus, the virus begins to multiply within the small intestine. After approximately 1 to 2 days, norovirus symptoms can appear.
Specific diagnosis of norovirus is routinely made by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays or real-time PCR assays, which give results within a few hours. These assays are very sensitive and can detect concentrations as low as 10 virus particles.
Tests such as ELISA that use antibodies against a mixture of norovirus strains are available commercially but lack specificity and sensitivity.
 Prevention and infection control
Hand washing remains an effective method to reduce the spread of norovirus pathogens. Norovirus can be aerosolized when those stricken with the illness vomit. Surface sanitizing is recommended in areas where the Norovirus may be present on surfaces.
In health care environments, the prevention of nosocomial infections involves routine and terminal cleaning. Nonflammable alcohol vapor in CO2 systems are used in health care environments where medical electronics would be adversely affected by aerosolized chlorine or other caustic compounds.
Ligocyte is working on a vaccine and has already started phase 1 trials.[when?]
 Associated foods
Noroviruses are transmitted directly via person to person or indirectly via contaminated water and foods. A CDC study of eleven outbreaks in New York State lists the suspected mode of transmission as person-to-person in seven outbreaks, foodborne in two, waterborne in one, and one unknown. The source of waterborne outbreaks may include water from municipal supplies, wells, recreational lakes, swimming pools and ice machines. 
Shellfish and salad ing
ingredients are the foods most often implicated in Norwalk outbreaks. Ingestion of raw or insufficiently steamed clams and oysters poses a high risk for infection with the Norwalk virus. Foods other than shellfish are contaminated by ill food handlers.
The point is its here in my town and i want to know how to get rid of it. I dont know how all the doctors say “Its the common flu, dont worry about it” problem is two chilldren very close have died from it. My family including me has it. I wanna know how to get rid of it, in fact i have it right now. Some people say its “created ” virus by the Government for the new world order. I dont know if thats true, but it is a lethal virus, and has taken young children and elderly people, it here in The Northern Califonia area and effects alotta people from Jobs, to school, if there any doctors or people that know ant remidies or cures let me know!, you`d be doing northern califonia and many people here a big favor! thank you.
Answer by m r
It is not a dangerous virus for general population, however it can be for weaker subjects, such as the elderly, very young or people with an underactive immune system.
There is no cure, no drug that kills the virus, but most people are able to get rid of it on their own.The only things you can do to prevent spreading it and to stop serious consequences that have been proven to be effective are:
- Avoid contact with people who have it: especially school children, residents in care homes,etc.
- Wash your hands thoroughly before and after every meal and ideally before and after contact with any individual that might have it. Wash them WITH SOAP AND WATER. Sanitising gels are not as effective for this particular virus.
- If you have the illness, REHYDRATION and regular painkillers are the most important things to do. Drink flat fizzy drinks, they contain the water, salts and sugar that your body needs to keep working for a few days. Food is not that important, it may just upset your stomach even more. If unable to keep any fluids down, urine output dropping or getting dehydrated (fast pulse, dry skin and tongue, drowsy) GO TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR.
nausea lethargy: Norovirus (previously called “Norwalk-like viruses”) In My Town! Help!?
Constant dizziness , nausea, and double vision!!!?
So for the last month or so I’ve been dealing with vertigo, dizziness, and nausea. Went to the doctor they said I had a little fluid in my ear. Problem solved…or so I thought. Since visiting the doctor nothing has gotten better and I’m now having double vision and the nausea is worse than before. Any ideas??? Going to the eye doc today to see about this double vision.
Answer by luminous
sounds more like an inner ear infection
Answer by tigergirl241991
If you live in a grassy area it could be lyme disease. Ask your doctor if you can get tested for that. Double vision is the first sign of that. It could also be anxiety, I went through some simmilar stuff in high school and my doctor put me on prozac and within a few months my symptoms went away.
Answer by dr sonia s v
I am Dr Sonia S V . I am a Consultant in ENT and Head and Neck Surgery practising in Bangalore ,India.
symptoms of double vision along with nausea and dizziness is definitely not good
Do go back to your ENT specialist ASAP. you require further tests as it can be a complicated and matters can get worse
All the best
Answer by hallie
there are certain exercises you can do to help, but your best bet is to see an Ear,Nose,and Throat doctor. There are some over the counter meds that could help like mechlazine
Answer by Pixie Chick
I’d forget the eye doctor and go to the ER for a CT Scan of brain!
Add on, one day later What did the eye doc think?
When you went to doctor a month ago and they said you had fluid in the ear
(labrynthitis), did they do a CT Scan to look into it any further, or just an exam and medication like Meclizine/Antivert or a decongestant, or perhaps a Scopalamine Patch or sedative?
constant nausea: Constant dizziness , nausea, and double vision!!!?
Alright wise guy, here’s a tough one, can you handle it?
lmao, I figured since i’ve pretty much got my answer for the quiz no need to continue doing useless paperwork heh.
Family history-Adrenal disease, liver disease, eczema, tonsillitis, brain tumors, and family members have many times caught legionell
Symptoms-The patient has dementia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, sore, red puffy throat, lethargy, severe joint-pain, and has just become comatose within the last 3 hours, and BPM is dropping a steady .2 BPM every half-hour.
This patients’ doctor has treated him in the past for-
Tonsillitis, chlamydia, Lyme’s disease, and gave medication for food poisening, all treatments administered a year or more beforehand.
Tips- The patient has many family members and they ridiculously requested the dog to come inside to visit him, in hopes.
You get 5 reasonable questions doc, you up for it? Muwhaahhaha!
Wrong. It is technically only one bacteria or virus.
Answer by peabody xyz
its legionellas disease and lyme disease
and poisoning is spelled wrong.
Answer by RDude
Rotten winky disease?
nausea lethargy: Alright wise guy, here’s a tough one, can you handle it?
i feel disgusting? lyme disease or anxiety?
i have a stiff neck, lethargy, dizzy spells, migrains and headaches, nausea (no vomiting), diarrhea, and recently I’ve been overly producing very watery saliva. I’m starting a new school soon so my mom thinks i might just be anxious cuz i’ve had a history of panic attacks and anxiety and i have an anxiety disorder and OCD. I’m nervous it might be lyme disease or something worse. PLEASE REPLY SOON!
Answer by Lisa
Have you been bitten by a tick recently?
Answer by Dekayel
Lyme disease can CAUSE anxiety, panic attacks, and OCD. It can also cause all the other symptoms you listed. (I don’t know about the watery saliva….)
Good sources of info about Lyme disease:
Answer by Lisa
Other than the saliva thing, which I don’t know about, all those symptoms, including anxiety and OCD can be caused by Lyme and co-infections such as bartonella.
nausea lethargy: i feel disgusting? lyme disease or anxiety?
What could cause sudden loss of memory and constant nausea?
I am 19 years old and recently I have had a really bad memory. I have been forgetting how to spell words (I recently spelled “divide” wrong which is rather ridiculous) and I have been mixing words up, (I messed vaccinated up with vacinized which is not even a word) and the bad part is that people will start laughing thinking I am kidding but I just laugh to act like I know that I messed up. This is not an educational thing as I am an intelligent individual but recently have been having a very bad memory. I am also losing some muscle memory (I am forgetting where keys on the keyboard are without looking although it use to be second nature.) I also have not been able to remember simple things or recall things I have read for class.
Also, since I have been forgetting everything I have had constant nausea (I am not pregnant) and am always feeling sick.
I am really worried and am just wondering what could cause this? Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Also, I was diagnosed with GAD (generalized anxiety disorder) and know it can cause a lot of problems but I have never had forgetfulness. I am not currently on any medication (I was on lexapro in december).
You know when you walk somewhere to get something and forget what you were doing? I do that about 40 times a day.
No I have not had a seizure before. If i had forgotten only a few things I would not be as worried but it’s almost everything, I am forgetting how to write in English properly I am messing up on simple things with commas and apostrophes, I am messing up MANY words and spelling them wrong constantly and cannot remember how to fix them nor do I realize they are wrong until I see spell check, I am making up words or using wrong words (vaccine:vacinized, insulin:insulation), I am forgetting where my car is, I am constantly forgetting what I am doing, and even forget what I have done in the day or what I have read in a paragraph. If it were only a few things I would not be as concerned.
I have never used any illegal substances nor have I abused legal ones, I do not drink, I sleep 8 hours a night, eat normally, and exercise.
I have had an MRI within the past 8 months with no sign of anything serious (with my anxiety I have constant dizziness)
I have had an MRI within the past 8 months with no sign of anything serious (with my anxiety I have constant dizziness)
The only thing is other people have noticed this, my fiance is worried about it too and my co-workers have noticed that I am not a quick minded as I was even a few months ago. I feel so stupid because I hardly notice I am messing up until someone tells me I messed up. Thanks for the input- I guess I will just have to deal with it or go to the doctor. I started college last year and maybe I am just over working my brain? Hell, I don’t know.
Answer by Captain O’
Ever had a seizure?
If you have had one recently, you need to get to a doctor ASAP.
Otherwise, you might want to just make an appointment and have them give you a good checkup, just to make sure there’s nothing wrong. Everybody forgets things and misspells common words, so you might just be overreacting and making yourself sick worrying about some nonexistent health problem. But if you haven’t been to the doctor in ages, just go in there and tell them what’s up so that you can rest easy again.
EDIT: It really sounds like an anxiety related problem to me, especially now that you have mentioned having generalized anxiety. You are over-thinking your symptoms and making yourself physically ill.
I still think you’re allowing yourself to get incredibly freaked out over this, but if it’s anything that’s actually diagnosable (is that even a word?!), it’s probably psychiatric. Especially now that you say you’ve had a brain scan that showed no problems. The only other thing I can think of is if you’re over 50, it could be Alzheimer’s disease.
Answer by Ginny Jin
If you don’t use your brain properly everyday you will go down fast. Have you been taking substances, alcohol, coffee……
Edit – I don’t want to scare you but I think you need a brain scan done.
Answer by Lisa
It sounds like Lyme disease is an extremely strong possibility. It does not matter if you’ve never noticed a tick bite or rash–a lot of people with Lyme disease never did, either.
There are two Lyme camps–one which says it is hard to catch and easy to cure–that’s the CDC and the IDSA. A doctor who follows those guidelines (most doctors) will give you a Lyme test with tons of false negatives, and if you do happen to test positive, you’ll get a maximum of 3 weeks of antibiotics. When you continue to have symptoms, they’ll call it “post-Lyme”–something to live with for the rest of your life.
ILADS says it is easy to catch and hard to cure. ILADS doctors recognize that most Lyme tests are highly inaccurate, and they’ll evaluate your symptoms to make a diagnosis, not just test results. They will treat you until you are better. You’ll have to find an ILADS doctor if you want to get better from Lyme.
Also, when someone is suffering from Lyme, it is very rarely the only thing they have, because it suppresses the immune system. So you probably have other things too, such as coinfections, viruses, and yeast, which a good Lyme doctor should evaluate you for. The constant nausea sounds like a symptom of candida overgrowth. Here’s a supplement you might want to try. http://nutri-world.stores.yahoo.net/adp.html You may experience a herxheimer reaction from the yeast die-off when you start the supplement.
constant nausea: What could cause sudden loss of memory and constant nausea?